Definition of DuaSection titled Definition of Dua
Requesting ALLAH”s personal attention by means of supplication and innovation for fulfillment of one”s personal needs directly from ALLAH himself. Therefore, the need to turn to ALLAH is in simple words, DUAA.
Allah Almighty says in the Qur’an
“When my servants ask you concerning me, (tell them) I am indeed close (to them). I listen to the prayer of every suppliant when he calls on me.” [2:186]
The place of duaa is so high to Allah, that the Prophet had said: “Nothing is more honourable to Allah the Most High than du
a.” [Sahih al-Jami no.5268].
He also said: “The most excellent worship is du
a.” [Sahih Al-Jami no. 1133];
and in order to warn those who are arogant, or careless in making duaa, the Prophet said: “The most incapable person is the one who does not make du
a, and the most miserly person is the one who does not give salaam.” [Sahih Al-Jami no. 1055],
and further, said: “If one does not ask Allah, He will get angry with him.” [Sahih al-Jami` no.2414]
Allah is the Glorious and the Mighty, the answerer of every person in need and every person with a request. Indeed Allah is free of all wants, and He is answerable to non. We have no other god, but Him, whilst He has many servants other than us. Indeed Allah has revealed:
“O mankind! It is you who stand in need of Allah, but Allah is Rich (Free of all wants and needs), Worthy of All Praise.” [Qur’an 35:15]
So to fulfill our needs and wants, we must call on Him. Making Du’a to Allah, is a recognition of our weakness and His greatness. The Prophet had said: “Ask Allah for everything, even the lace of your shoes. If Allah does not provide, it will never be available.” [Ibn al-Sunni, no. 349 – hasan. Supported by: at-Tirmidhi 4/298 and others.] And let not there be anyone who says: “… my Lord won’t answer my prayer, because of this and that.. or because of so and so..”. No! Indeed Allah is the Most Generous King. Is there anyone who met a king, and praised and glorified him, and then asked, yet the request was not granted? So what about Allah, the King of the Heavens and the Earth – who has total control over your life, your wealth and your future. Why would He not grant you your request?
Indeed, our beloved Prophet had said: “Verily your Lord is the One modest and Generous, and when His servant raises his hands to Him in supplication, He is diffident (in some wordings, shy or hesitant) from returning them empty.”
[Ahmad, Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi – Hasan]
HADITH NO. 1Section titled HADITH NO. 1
Sayyiduna Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam states that Almighty Allah says:
أنا عندَ ظنِّ عبدي بي I am as My servant thinks of Me. [Recorded in Bukhari (Hadith 7239), Muslim, Tirmidi, Nisa’i and Ibn Maja on the authority of Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah]
This means that as a servant imagines or has an opinion concerning Allah, the Merciful Lord accordingly reacts with him. Knowledge and Qudrat is with everything but there is a special proximity of mercy with those who make Du’a to Him. What bigger mercy can a servant ask for than being blessed with the Divine Proximity of the Sublime Lord? Thousands of acceptances and millions of desires and intentions may be sacrificed on such Divine Proximity!
HADITH NO. 2Section titled HADITH NO. 2
لَيْسَ شَيءٌ أكْرَمَ عَلَى اللهِ مِنَ الدُّعَاءِ There is nothing nobler to Allah than Du‘a. [Recorded in Tirmidi, Ibn Maja, Ibn Habban and Hakim narrated by Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah. Also cited in Tahzib al-Kamil, Vol. 4, Page 309]
HADITH NO. 3Section titled HADITH NO. 3
The Prophet of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam narrates from his Lord who says:
يَا ابْنَ آدَمَ إِنَّكَ مَا دَعَوْتَنِي وَرَجَوْتَنِي غَفَرْتُ لَكَ عَلَى مَا كَانَ فِيكَ وَلَا أُبَالِي Oh the children of Adam! Until such time you invoke Me and have trust and hope in Me, I will continue forgiving your sins no matter what they are, and I do not care of anything (i.e. He is Independent.) [Tirmidi on the narration of Sayyiduna Anas ibn Malik, Hadith 3463]
HADITH NO. 4Section titled HADITH NO. 4
The Beloved Habib SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam states:
لا تعجزوا في الدعاء ، فإنه لن يهلك مع الدعاء أحد “Do not get fed up with Supplication, for no one will perish with (continuous) Supplication.” [Narrated by Ibn Habban and Hakim, Sahih Ibn Habban, Hadith 872]
HADITH NO. 5Section titled HADITH NO. 5
Sayyiduna Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam states:
الدعاء سلاح المؤمن وعماد الدين ونور السموات والأرض “Du‘a is a weapon of a Muslim, a Pillar of Deen and the light of the skies and earth.” [Narrated by Hakim from Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah and Abu Ya’la from Sayyiduna ‘Ali al-Murtudah, Hadith 6163]
HADITH NO. 6Section titled HADITH NO. 6
It is narrated that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam said:
إِنَّ الدُّعَاءَ يَنْفَعُ مِمَّا نَزَلَ وَمِمَّا لَمْ يَنْزِلْ فَعَلَيْكُمْ عِبَادَ اللَّهِ بِالدُّعَاءِ “All those calamities and misfortunes that descends and that which will descend in the future can be averted and protected from, by Du‘a. So, Oh servant of Allah! Observe Du‘a!” [Narrated by Tirmidi and Hakim from Sayyiduna ‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Umar, Sunan al-Tirmidi, Hadith 3471]
HADITH NO. 7Section titled HADITH NO. 7
It is reported that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam said:
و إن البلاء لينزل فيتلقاه الدعاء فيعتلجان إلى يوم القيامة “When some misfortune descends, the supplication intercepts it and then they both wrestle till Qiyamah.” (i.e. supplication does not allow the misfortune to descend to the earth.) [Reported by Bazar, Tabrani, and Hakim from Umm al-Mu’minin Sayyidah ‘A’ieshah Siddiqah, Mustadrak al-Hakim, Hadith 1813]
HADITH NO. 8Section titled HADITH NO. 8
The Habib of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam states:
الدُّعَاءُ مُخُّ العِبَادَةِ Supplication is the essence of worship.
HADITH NO. 9Section titled HADITH NO. 9
It is reported that the Noble Prophet of Islam SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam said:
ألا أدلكم على ما ينجيكم من عدوكم ويدر لكم أرزاقكم؟ تدعون اللّه في ليلكم ونهاركم؟ فإن الدعاء سلاح المؤمن Must I not inform you of the thing which will protect you from your enemy and increase your sustenance? Make Supplication to Allah day and night because Supplication is a weapon of a Mu‘min. [Narrated by Abu Ya’la from Sayyiduna Jabir bin ‘Abdullah, Hadith 6164]
HADITH NO. 10Section titled HADITH NO. 10
Sayyiduna Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam states:
مَنْ لَمْ يَسْأَلْ اللَّهَ يَغْضَبْ عَلَيْهِ Allah casts His Anger on those who do not invoke Him. [Reported by Imam Ahmad, Ibn Abi Shaybah, and Al-Bukhari in Adab al Mufrad, Tirmidi, Ibn Maja and Hakim on the authority of Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah, Hadith 3295]
Such concepts and meanings are also reported in the Hadith al-Qudsi as follows:
One who does not invoke Me, I will direct My Anger at him. (Allah save us from this!) [Reported by Al-Askari in his Mawa’iz]
Oh Beloved! Supplication is an amazing wealth that Allah I blessed His servants with, and through it gave them honour. There is nothing more effective and powerful in fulfilling needs in desperation besides Du‘as. Likewise, nothing is more potent in removing Bala than Du‘as. A person benefits from five things of a single Du‘a:
- He is included in the category of ‘Abids (worshippers) because Supplication by nature is ‘Ibadah, in fact, the goal of ‘Ibadah.
- In supplication one acknowledges one’s inferiority and dependency in relation to the Omnipotent Lord and His Divine mercies.
- Obedience to the sacred Shari’ah because it has laid great stress in making supplications – and the danger of Divine Anger on those who do not supplicate.
- It is a great Sunnah of the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam as he supplicated frequently and ordered others to do the same.
- It is a deterrent of Bala and achiever of goals as mentioned in the Holy Qur’an. If man seeks security from Allah from calamities, then the Merciful Lord will give it to him. If one seeks a desire to be fulfilled, the Sublime Creator will shower His mercies on him or else blesses him with Thawab in the Akhirah.
The Master of the Sinless, Sayyiduna Rasoollulah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam states:
“A servant’s supplication is never void of three things:
- either his sins are forgiven,
- or he benefits in this world,
- or virtues are accumulated for him in the hereafter.
When the servant will observe this reward (Thawab) accumulated for him in the hereaftr in compensation for that which was not fulfilled in the Duniyah, then he will desire that none of his desires should have been fulfilled in the world, but rather be accumulated for the hereafter.”
This desire and benefit is for him who desires so in this Duniyah when supplicating. It is advised that when making Du‘a, this ethic should be considered seriously.